Mozart Complete Piano Trios
The complete 6 Piano Trios by Mozart, as interpreted here by the Vega Trio, are works of high aesthetic value that will not only be a pleasure for the listener but also an enriching source of knowledge and reflection for the scholar. His aesthetic and formal relationship with Haydn’s 43 trios and the 6 attributed to Beethoven mark out an ideal path for discovery in this sense. Haydn will become a formal discourse, according to the new parameters of the sonata form, that he inherited from the Baroque: the Sonata Trio (Trio-sonata), based on the structural patterns of Sonatas da Chiesa or da Camera, in which one or more leading instruments are accompanied harmonically by a basso continuo. Mozart, in addition to stamping an expressive seal of narrative character onto the “sonata” form in each of his 6 Trios, progressively disconnects the “accompanying” instruments from their merely harmonic function in order to enable them to play a leading role, incorporating the piano´s concertante character into the formal structure with respect to string instruments. Beethoven, whose first 3 Trios (Opus 1) respond to the pure aesthetics of Viennese classicism developed by Mozart, bestows even more narrative distinctiveness upon each instrument and proposes, especially in his later Trios (Op. 70 and 97), a dialectical, concertante and philosophical discourse which he would go on to display so brilliantly in all his chamber music and symphonic works.
W.A. Mozart: Divertimento Piano Trio KV 254 (II.Adagio)